Electricians specialize in wiring for stationary machines, buildings, and transmission lines. The electrician’s job also includes the installation of new electrical components and the maintenance of existing electrical infrastructure. These professionals work under the direction of a licensed electrical contractor or a licensed electrical engineer. However, an electrician can also work in any number of other settings.
The work environment for electricians depends on their location and the type of work they do. Some electricians work outdoors on power systems, while others work inside in tight spaces. They may have to handle hazardous parts or equipment and must follow safety protocols. Electricians may be employed by construction or appliance companies, or they may be self-employed. They may travel a lot for their work.
Electricians need to be well-versed in electrical systems, and they should have strong cognitive skills and be able to analyze technical documents. They also need to be physically fit, as they may be working on their feet for hours a day. They may work alone or on a team with little supervision, which means that they must have the ability to manage their time well.
Apprentices learn on the job and must complete a four or five-year apprenticeship program. To become an apprentice, an applicant must be at least 18 years old and have completed at least one year of algebra. In addition, he or she must take an aptitude test and undergo a drug test.
Fortunately, there is a good job outlook for electricians. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there will be a 14 percent increase in the number of new jobs created between 2014 and 2024. This growth will be fueled by the increased need for electrical wiring in both homes and commercial properties.
Depending on the location, electricians may work in a comfortable environment, or they may work in harsh conditions. For example, electricians may have to climb scaffoldings to reach certain areas of a construction site. They may also have to work outdoors, in all types of weather. They may also be required to wear personal protective equipment while they are working.
Physical requirements for electricians vary depending on the job. Some electricians need to be able to bend and frequently stretch, while others may have to climb ladders or carry heavy equipment. They must be in good general health and able to work long hours. The job also requires continual training as new BSI codes and the National Electric Code are added.
To become an electrician, you must complete an apprenticeship program. Apprenticeships are often two or four years long. In addition to the apprenticeship program, you’ll need to complete a state-approved electrician licensing test. The exam will consist of questions related to the National Electrical Code, state electrical codes, and local electrical codes.
Electricians may work alone or as part of a team. They must maintain good communication skills with nonelectrical construction workers. They must also be able to work in cramped, noisy environments. Ultimately, they have to ensure that the job is completed safely and efficiently. In addition, they must be in excellent physical condition to work long hours in difficult environments.
In addition to meeting the physical requirements for electricians, you’ll also need to complete continuing education courses. These classes usually relate to changes in the electrical code and safety practices. They may also involve training from specific manufacturers. Electricians also need to be familiar with various electrical systems and wires, as well as be able to identify them by color. Moreover, you’ll need to be able to communicate with customers and answer their questions in a professional manner. Lastly, you’ll need to be able to perform electrical tests and use the results to determine the problem.
Electricians are responsible for installing, repairing, and maintaining electrical power systems. They also need to make sure that their work meets safety and code standards. As of May 2018, there were 655,840 electricians working in the States. They use a variety of hand and power tools to test electrical systems and diagnose problems. They also plan the layout of electrical wiring and install electrical fixtures. Electricians must adhere to regulations and safety standards set by the National Electrical Code.